جغرافیهواشناسیاقلیم شناسی

فرمت: pdf
حجم: 16.4 مگابایت
قیمت: 2000 تومان

Atmospheric Aerosols: Properties and Climate Impacts

By


شناسنامه فارسی کتاب:
عنوان کتاب:

جوی ذرات معلق در هوا: خواص و اثرات آب و هوا

موضوع کتاب:

Geography, Meteorology, Climatology

سال نشر:
ناشر: Springer Netherlands
ویرایش: 1
شماره جلد:
تعداد صفحه: 311
زبان: انگلیسی



This textbook aims to be a one stop shop for those interested in aerosols and their impact on the climate system. It starts with some fundamentals on atmospheric aerosols, atmospheric radiation and cloud physics, then goes into techniques used for in-situ and remote sensing measurements of aerosols, data assimilation, and discusses aerosol-radiation interactions, aerosol-cloud interactions and the multiple impacts of aerosols on the climate system. The book aims to engage those interested in aerosols and their impacts on the climate system: graduate and PhD students, but also post-doctorate fellows who are new to the field or would like to broaden their knowledge. The book includes exercises at the end of most chapters.

Atmospheric aerosols are small (microscopic) particles in suspension in the atmosphere, which play multiple roles in the climate system. They interact with the energy budget through scattering and absorption of solar and terrestrial radiation. They also serve as cloud condensation and ice nuclei with impacts on the formation, evolution and properties of clouds. Finally aerosols also interact with some biogeochemical cycles. Anthropogenic emissions of aerosols are responsible for a cooling effect that has masked part of the warming due to the increased greenhouse effect since pre-industrial time. Natural aerosols also respond to climate changes as shown by observations of past climates and modelling of the future climate.

Front Matter....Pages i-xvii
General Introduction....Pages 1-8
Atmospheric Aerosols....Pages 9-24
Physical, Chemical and Optical Aerosol Properties....Pages 25-49
Aerosol Modelling....Pages 51-81
Interactions of Radiation with Matter and Atmospheric Radiative Transfer....Pages 83-127
In Situ and Remote Sensing Measurements of Aerosols....Pages 129-160
Aerosol Data Assimilation....Pages 161-172
Aerosol–Radiation Interactions....Pages 173-192
Aerosol–Cloud Interactions....Pages 193-226
Climate Response to Aerosol Forcings....Pages 227-246
Biogeochemical Effects and Climate Feedbacks of Aerosols....Pages 247-269
Stratospheric Aerosols....Pages 271-286
Aerosol-Based Climate Engineering....Pages 287-294
Back Matter....Pages 295-311
شابک/ISBN: 978-94-017-9648-4, 978-94-017-9649-1