The book is the result of the research project Res-AGorA (wwww.res-agora.eu). It brings together the main elements of Res-AGorA, ranging from the conceptual reasoning behind the applied research approach, theory-inspired empirical investigations, a selection of the rich case study programme and the lessons learned from their analyses, to our monitoring of RRI trends in 16 European countries, and our intensive co-construction process, through which the consortium was able to refine and eventually finalise the main output of the project. The Res-AGorA project Res-AGorA was a three-year, EU FP7 project (2013–2016) which has co-constructed a good-practice framework, the “Responsibility Navigator”, with practitioners and strategic decision makers. This framework facilitates reflective processes involving multiple stakeholders and policy-makers with the generic aim of making European research and innovation more responsible, responsive, and sustainable. This framework was developed based on three years of intensive empirical research comprising an extensive programme of in-depth case-studies, systematic “scientometric” literature analysis, country-level monitoring (RRI-Trends) and five broadbased co-construction stakeholder workshops. The resulting Res-AGorA Responsibility Navigator was conceived as a means to provide orientation without normatively steering research and innovation in a specific direction. Furthermore, Res-AGorA’s “Co-construction Method” is a collaborative methodology designed to systematically support and facilitate the practical use of the Responsibility Navigator with stakeholders. The Responsibility Navigator, the Co-construction Method and accompanying materials areready to use by actors who wish to navigate Research and Innovation towards Responsible Research and Innovation. This book provides an overview of the project’s journey, its conceptual underpinnings and main results.
4 Preface 7 Part 1 - Introduction 9 1. Introduction 21 Part 2 - Approaching RRI Governance 23 2. RRI as a governance paradigm: What is new? 31 3. Framings and frameworks: six grand narratives of de facto rri 39 4. Evolution of a concept: a scientometric analysis of RRI 47 5. Res-AGorA concepts and approach 55 6. The Res-AGorA Co-construction Method 63 Part 3 - Empirical programme 65 7. Res-AGorA case studies: drawing transversal lessons 77 - Case Study 1 Fracking 85 - Case Study 2 Danish priority-setting for strategic research 93 - Case Study 3 NanoNextNL 101 - Case Study 4 Critical organisations 109 - Case Study 5 Synthetic biology 115 8. Monitoring RRI in Europe: approach and key observations 121 9. RRI at European universities 127 10. RRI in European member states: the case of Germany 133 Part 4 - Governing towards responsibilisation 135 11. Responsibility Navigator 161 12. Conclusion: making responsibility an institutionalised ambition 169 References 181 Authors 184 The Res-AGorA project consortium 185 Acknowledgement 186 Imprint